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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004-2005 The Regents of The University of Michigan
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
 * met: redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer;
 * redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution;
 * neither the name of the copyright holders nor the names of its
 * contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
 * this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Authors: Nathan Binkert
 */

#ifndef __DEV_PKTFIFO_HH__
#define __DEV_PKTFIFO_HH__

#include <iosfwd>
#include <list>
#include <string>

#include "dev/etherpkt.hh"
#include "sim/serialize.hh"

class Checkpoint;

struct PacketFifoEntry
{
    EthPacketPtr packet;
    uint64_t number;
    unsigned slack;
    int priv;

    PacketFifoEntry()
    {
        clear();
    }

    PacketFifoEntry(const PacketFifoEntry &s)
        : packet(s.packet), number(s.number), slack(s.slack), priv(s.priv)
    {
    }

    PacketFifoEntry(EthPacketPtr p, uint64_t n)
        : packet(p), number(n), slack(0), priv(-1)
    {
    }

    void clear()
    {
        packet = NULL;
        number = 0;
        slack = 0;
        priv = -1;
    }

    void serialize(const std::string &base, std::ostream &os);
    void unserialize(const std::string &base, Checkpoint *cp,
                     const std::string &section);
};

class PacketFifo
{
  public:

    typedef std::list<PacketFifoEntry> fifo_list;
    typedef fifo_list::iterator iterator;

  protected:
    std::list<PacketFifoEntry> fifo;
    uint64_t _counter;
    unsigned _maxsize;
    unsigned _size;
    unsigned _reserved;

  public:
    explicit PacketFifo(int max)
        : _counter(0), _maxsize(max), _size(0), _reserved(0) {}
    virtual ~PacketFifo() {}

    unsigned packets() const { return fifo.size(); }
    unsigned maxsize() const { return _maxsize; }
    unsigned size() const { return _size; }
    unsigned reserved() const { return _reserved; }
    unsigned avail() const { return _maxsize - _size - _reserved; }
    bool empty() const { return size() <= 0; }
    bool full() const { return avail() <= 0; }

    unsigned
    reserve(unsigned len = 0)
    {
        _reserved += len;
        assert(avail() >= 0);
        return _reserved;
    }

    iterator begin() { return fifo.begin(); }
    iterator end() { return fifo.end(); }

    EthPacketPtr front() { return fifo.begin()->packet; }

    bool push(EthPacketPtr ptr)
    {
        assert(ptr->length);
        assert(_reserved <= ptr->length);
        if (avail() < ptr->length - _reserved)
            return false;

        _size += ptr->length;

        PacketFifoEntry entry;
        entry.packet = ptr;
        entry.number = _counter++;
        fifo.push_back(entry);
        _reserved = 0;
        return true;
    }

    void pop()
    {
        if (empty())
            return;

        iterator entry = fifo.begin();
        _size -= entry->packet->length;
        _size -= entry->slack;
        entry->packet = NULL;
        fifo.pop_front();
    }

    void clear()
    {
        for (iterator i = begin(); i != end(); ++i)
            i->clear();
        fifo.clear();
        _size = 0;
        _reserved = 0;
    }

    void remove(iterator i)
    {
        if (i != fifo.begin()) {
            iterator prev = i;
            --prev;
            assert(prev != fifo.end());
            prev->slack += i->packet->length;
            prev->slack += i->slack;
        } else {
            _size -= i->packet->length;
            _size -= i->slack;
        }

        i->clear();
        fifo.erase(i);
    }

    bool copyout(void *dest, unsigned offset, unsigned len);

    int countPacketsBefore(iterator i)
    {
        if (i == fifo.end())
            return 0;
        return i->number - fifo.begin()->number;
    }

    int countPacketsAfter(iterator i)
    {
        iterator end = fifo.end();
        if (i == end)
            return 0;
        return (--end)->number - i->number;
    }

    void check()
    {
        unsigned total = 0;
        for (iterator i = begin(); i != end(); ++i)
            total += i->packet->length + i->slack;

        if (total != _size)
            panic("total (%d) is not == to size (%d)\n", total, _size);
    }

/**
 * Serialization stuff
 */
  public:
    void serialize(const std::string &base, std::ostream &os);
    void unserialize(const std::string &base,
                     Checkpoint *cp, const std::string &section);
};

#endif // __DEV_PKTFIFO_HH__