Required NFS Server features
File locking: GitLab requires advisory file locking, which is only supported natively in NFS version 4. NFSv3 also supports locking as long as Linux Kernel 2.6.5+ is used. We recommend using version 4 and do not specifically test NFSv3.
no_root_squash: NFS normally changes the
root user to
nobody. This is
a good security measure when NFS shares will be accessed by many different
users. However, in this case only GitLab will use the NFS share so it
is safe. GitLab requires the
no_root_squash setting because we need to
manage file permissions automatically. Without the setting you will receive
errors when the Omnibus package tries to alter permissions. Note that GitLab
and other bundled components do not run as
root but as non-privileged
users. The requirement for
no_root_squash is to allow the Omnibus package to
set ownership and permissions on files, as needed.
When you define your NFS exports, we recommend you also add the following options:
sync- Force synchronous behavior. Default is asynchronous and under certain circumstances it could lead to data loss if a failure occurs before data has synced.
Client mount options
Below is an example of an NFS mount point we use on GitLab.com:
10.1.1.1:/var/opt/gitlab/git-data /var/opt/gitlab/git-data nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nobootwait,lookupcache=positive 0 2
Notice several options that you should consider using:
||Don't halt boot process waiting for this mount to become available|
||Tells the NFS client to honor
When using default Omnibus configuration you will need to share 5 data locations between all GitLab cluster nodes. No other locations should be shared. The following are the 5 locations you need to mount:
||Git repository data. This will account for a large portion of your data|
||User uploaded attachments|
||Build artifacts, GitLab Pages, LFS objects, temp files, etc. If you're using LFS this may also account for a large portion of your data|
||GitLab CI build traces|
Other GitLab directories should not be shared between nodes. They contain node-specific files and GitLab code that does not need to be shared. To ship logs to a central location consider using remote syslog. GitLab Omnibus packages provide configuration for UDP log shipping.
Consolidating mount points
If you don't want to configure 5-6 different NFS mount points, you have a few alternative options.
Change default file locations
Omnibus allows you to configure the file locations. With custom configuration
you can specify just one main mountpoint and have all of these locations
as subdirectories. Mount
/gitlab-data then use the following Omnibus
configuration to move each data location to a subdirectory:
user['home'] = '/gitlab-data/home' git_data_dir '/gitlab-data/git-data' gitlab_rails['shared_path'] = '/gitlab-data/shared' gitlab_rails['uploads_directory'] = '/gitlab-data/uploads' gitlab_ci['builds_directory'] = '/gitlab-data/builds'
To move the
git home directory, all GitLab services must be stopped. Run
gitlab-ctl stop && initctl stop gitlab-runsvdir. Then continue with the
sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure to start using the central location. Please
be aware that if you had existing data you will need to manually copy/rsync it
to these new locations and then restart GitLab.
Bind mounts provide a way to specify just one NFS mount and then
bind the default GitLab data locations to the NFS mount. Start by defining your
single NFS mount point as you normally would in
/etc/fstab. Let's assume your
NFS mount point is
/gitlab-data. Then, add the following bind mounts in
/gitlab-data/git-data /var/opt/gitlab/git-data none bind 0 0 /gitlab-data/.ssh /var/opt/gitlab/.ssh none bind 0 0 /gitlab-data/uploads /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/uploads none bind 0 0 /gitlab-data/shared /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/shared none bind 0 0 /gitlab-data/builds /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-ci/builds none bind 0 0
Read more on high-availability configuration: